From Seed to Fruit: The Ultimate Guide to Orange Farming

Guide on orange farming

You may be thinking of starting an orange farm. If so, you’re in for a lot of delight and hard work. Oranges are a delicious and popular fruit, and there is a lot of money to be made in the orange farming business.

But before you can start picking and selling oranges, you first need to plant the trees.

This guide will teach you everything you need to know about planting, caring for, and harvesting oranges.

We’ll start with the basics – choosing a location, preparing the soil, and planting the seeds – and then move on to more advanced topics such as fertilizing, pest control, and harvesting.

By the end of this guide, you’ll know everything you need about orange farming.

What are ecological conditions required?

To successfully plant and care for an orange farm, you will need to understand the ecological requirements of this scrumptious fruit.

Oranges require warm weather and plenty of sunshine. They grow best in areas that have a mild climate, with temperatures that range between 60 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

They should be planted in areas that get full sun, and should not be grown near trees that produce fruit such as avocados or lemons, as the leaves of these trees can spread fungus to the oranges.

Oranges also require a certain level of humidity, so it is important to plant them in an area where they will get regular rainfall or irrigation.

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Most common varieties for planting in kenya

There are many different types of oranges, but the most common are navel oranges, Valencia oranges, and blood oranges.

  • Navel oranges are the most popular type of orange in the kenya. They are large and round, with a deep orange color and a sweet, tangy taste.
  • Valencia oranges are also popular in the in the country. They are smaller than navel oranges, with a thin skin and a sweet, acidic taste.
  • Blood oranges are unique in that they have a reddish-orange color and a pie, sweet flavor.

Steps involved in land preparation

Before you start planting your orange trees, you need to prepare the land. This includes removing any pebbles or debris, tilling the soil, and adding the necessary fertilizer and manure.

Once the land is ready, you can plant your orange trees. Be sure to water them regularly and make sure they get enough sunlight.Sun helps oranges to produce sweet taste. And in a few years, you will be able to enjoy fresh oranges straight from your own farm!


Understanding how to plant oranges is essential to a successful orange farming operation. You will need to follow below fundamental steps to achieve success:

1. Choose an area with a well-drained soil and with a sufficient sunlight.

2. Dig a hole that is twice as wide as the container the orange tree is in and just as deep.

3. Remove the tree from the container and gently loosen the roots.

4. Place the tree in the hole and fill in with soil, compost manure and fertilizer.


Proper watering is essential for a successful orange harvest. Make sure to water your plants thoroughly until the soil is wet, remember not on a daily basis but at least three times a week. Overwatering can cause the roots to rot, and the fruit to become soft and mushy.

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If you’re unsure whether or not your plants need water, perform a simple test. Stick your finger into the soil. If it’s dry two inches below the surface, then it’s time to water your plants.

Orange nutrients requirements

So, what are the nutrients that oranges require in order to grow?

Here is a quick overview: oranges need nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur. They also need micronutrients such as zinc, copper, manganese, boron, and iron.

If you want to produce the best-quality oranges possible, it’s important to make sure your soil has all of these nutrients in proper amounts.

Pests control

When it comes to pests control, there are a number of options available to you. You can use organic or chemical pesticides, traps, or natural enemies to pests.

No matter what you choose, it is important to stay on top of pests control. If left unchecked, pests can damage your crops and reduce your yield.

Disease Control

Diseases are a big concern for any farmer, but they can be devastating for citrus farmers. That’s why it’s important to be vigilant in monitoring your orchard for any signs of disease and take quick action to treat any infections.

There are a number of diseases that can affect orange trees, but some of the most common include citrus greening, bacterial canker, and Diaprepes root weevil. It’s important to be familiar with the symptoms of these diseases so you can take instantaneous action to treat them.

Orange tree management

After planting the orange sapling in the well-prepared soil, you will need to water it regularly until it is fully established. During the growing season, it is important to water your tree regularly, especially if there is no rainfall. You can use a garden hose or irrigation system to water your tree.

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In addition to watering, you will also need to fertilize your tree. There are many different types of fertilizer available, so be sure to choose one that is appropriate for citrus trees. Apply the fertilizer twice a year, once in the spring and once in the fall.

How to harvest oranges

Now that you know everything there is to know about planting and caring for oranges, it’s time to learn how to harvest them.

First, carefully inspect the fruit. Make sure it is ripe and ready to be picked. The skin should be firm and the color should be a deep orange.

Next, use a sharp knife to cut the fruit from the tree. Cut just above the stem, so that the fruit can be removed intact.

Finally, store harvested fruits in a basket ready for market.


From planting to harvesting, this guide has everything you need to know about orange farming. Follow these simple steps and you’ll be enjoying your very own oranges in no time!

1. Choose the right location: Citrus fruits need plenty of sunlight and well-drained soil.

2. Plant the seeds: Sow the seeds in late winter or early spring, and make sure to water them regularly.

3. Protect from pests: Citrus trees are vulnerable to pests and diseases, so make sure to use a suitable pesticide or organic remedy.

4. Harvest the fruit: Once your orange tree is mature, it will start bearing fruit.

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